VICTR Presents: Ragnar van der Merwe

February 15, 2021

A Dilemma for Determination Pluralists (or Dualists)

Ragnar van der Merwe (University of Johannesburg) will present “A Dilemma for Determination Pluralists (or Dualists)” at the Virtual International Consortium for Truth Research on March 1, at 10:00am EST.

Abstract: Douglas Edwards is arguably the most prominent contemporary advocate of moderate alethic pluralism. Significantly influenced by Crispin Wright and Michael Lynch, his work on the nature of truth has become widely discussed in the topical literature. Edwards labels his version of moderate alethic pluralism determination pluralism. At first blush, determination pluralism appears philosophically promising. The position deserves thoughtful consideration, particularly because of its capacity to accommodate the scope problem. I argue, however, that upon analysis the view is better understood as a form of metaphysical dualism or what I will call meta-dualism. Furthermore, determination pluralists face a dilemma; there appears to be an instability at the core of their dualistic model. On the one horn of the dilemma, they need a clear metaphysical demarcation at the interface of their two necessary domains. On the other horn, they seem to need to a metaphysically vague boundary at the interface of their two necessary domains. Determination pluralism needs substantial revision.

This will be a read-ahead talk. For a copy of the paper to be read in advance, “A Dilemma for Determination Pluralists (or Dualists)”, forthcoming at Axiomathes, please email VICTRgroup@gmail.com.

Registration for this event is required. To register for the event (and for other upcoming VICTR events), visit: https://us02web.zoom.us/meeting/register/tZIocu-prj4iGdY0NwHUWjPYWLvywnGfLeku

 

VICTR Presents: María José Alcaraz León, “Truth and Imagination”

February 1, 2021

Truth and Imagination

María José Alcaraz León

María José Alcaraz León will be giving a talk entitled “Truth and Imagination” at the Virtual International Consortium for Truth Research on February 15, 10:00am EST.

Abstract: Recent approaches to imagination have emphasized its cognitive dimension. This, in turn, has provided some support to the idea that artworks can, as products of imagination, possess cognitive value. In this presentation, I would like to explore one sense in which imagination prominently features in artistic representations -imagination as an iconic or aesthetic capacity- and see if we can rely on it as a source of knowledge.

María José Alcaraz León is Associate Professor of Aesthetics at the University of Murcia. Her main research interests are aesthetic normativity, art theory, art and morality, and environmental aesthetics. She is a member of the research group ARESMUR, SWIP Analytic España, and the Nordic Network for Women in Aesthetics.

Visit her webpage.

If you are interested in attending, please email VICTRgroup@gmail.com for the Zoom link.

VICTR Presents: Manuel Garcia-Carpintero

January 19, 2021

Lewis on Truth in Fiction

Manuel Garcia-Carpintero

Manuel Garcia-Carpintero will be giving a talk entitled “Lewis on Truth in Fiction” at the Virtual International Consortium of Truth Research on February 1, 2021 at 10:00 am EDT.

Abstract: In his classic paper “Truth in Fiction” (1978), Lewis offers an account of ascriptions to content to fictions that seems to assume the sort of account of fictions themselves offered by John Searle in “The Logical Status of Fictional Discourse” (1974/5). Searle argued that fictions don’t result from dedicated, sui generis acts (or, equivalently, are not dedicated, sui generis artefacts) like assertions, questions or directives; they just result from pretenses of acts like those. This “mere pretense” view of fiction had been defended earlier by MacDonald (1954) and Gale (1971), and has been defended later by others such as Hoffman (2004) or Alward (2009); Predelli (2020) has recently forcefully reconstructed and defended it. The role pretense plays in the “Mere Pretense” view should be distinguished from the appeal to pretense as one of the means by which fiction-makers create their fictions in the “dedicated representation” views of Walton, Currie and others. In this paper I’ll confront the arguments by Searle, Lewis, Predelli, and others in defense of (my own version of) the dedicated artefact view. I’ll elaborate in my own terms on what I take to be a decisive objection: to wit, that the Searlian view is implausibly committed to there being fictional narrators in all fictions, tellers who present to as the character of the fictional world “as known fact”.

If you are interested in attending, please email VICTRgroup@gmail.com for details about the zoom link.

VICTR Presents: Will Gamester, “Nothing is True”

January 4, 2021

Nothing is True

Will Gamester

Will Gamester will present a talk titled “Nothing is True” at the Virtual International Consortium for  Truth Research (VICTR) on January 18 2021 at 10:00am EST (15:00 UTC).

Abstract: Alethic nihilism is the view that nothing is true.  At first encounter, nihilism strikes most of us as clearly false, silly, anarchic, dangerous and/or incoherent.  This talk has three parts.  In the first, I give an argument for alethic nihilism.  In the second, I defend nihilism from some obvious objections.  I argue that nihilism is not clearly false, silly, anarchic, dangerous, or incoherent.  Rather, whether we should accept nihilism turns on whether we think there is any important function served by truth-talk that it could not serve if nothing is true.  In the third, I argue that we can use truth-talk to serve an expressive function – as a device for semantic descent – even if nothing is true, by treating truth-talk as a useful fiction.  If this expressive function exhausts the function of truth-talk, as deflationists contend, then we stand to gain something and lose nothing by accepting nihilism.  We thus end up with a conditional case for nihilism: deflationists about truth should be alethic nihilists.

Please email VICTRgroup@gmail.com for the Zoom link.

Schedule of Events at VICTR January through May 2021

January 1, 2021

Schedule of Events at the Virtual International Consortium for Truth Research, January – May 2021

The Virtual International Consortium of Truth Research (VICTR) is excited to announce its schedule of events for January through May 2021. Keep an eye out for updates on additional talks, times, abstracts, and other information as each event approaches. You can view an up-to-date google calendar of events here.

– January 18, 10:00am EST / 15:00 UTC | Will Gamester | Nothing is True

– February 1, 10:00am EST / 15:00 UTC | Manuel Garcia-Carpintero | Lewis on Truth in Fiction

– February 15, 10:00am EST / 15:00 UTC | María José Alcaraz León | Truth and Imagination

– March 1, 10:00am EST / 15:00 UTC | Ragnar van der Merwe A Dilemma for Determination Pluralism (or Dualism)

– April 12 | Rachel Handley | Moral Authority, Truth, and Quasi-Realism (rescheduled from December 2020)

– April 26 | Eduardo Barrio Anti-exceptionalism, Truth, and the BA-Plan

– May 10, 9:00am JST / 00:00 UTC | Jinho Kang

– May 24 | Stefano Caputo | The Dependence of Truth on Being: Is there a problem for Minimalism?

 

To register for talks, please email VICTRgroup@gmail.com. For more information, visit VICTR’s website.

VICTR Presents: Sherif Salem, “On Modal Truth”

December 2, 2020

On Modal Truth

Sherif Salem

Sherif Salem will present a talk titled “On Modal Truth” at the Virtual International Consortium of  Truth Research (VICTR) on December 15 at 10:00am EST (15:00 UTC).

Abstract: This paper explores the connections between modality and essentialism. Recently, Mallozzi (2018, 2020) proposed superexplanatory essentialism as a way of showing that modal truth is explainable in terms of essentialist truth, which in turn can be revealed through scientific progress. My goal is to present three epistemological objections from the philosophy of science literature against superexplanatory essentialism.

Sherif Salem is a philosophy graduate student at Simon Fraser University. He holds an MSc. in Economics from Queen Mary University of London, and an MA in Philosophy from the American University in Cairo. He is interested in epistemology, metaphysics, philosophy of science, philosophy of logic/mathematics, metaphilosophy, history of analytic philosophy, and non-western philosophical traditions (particularly, Islamic philosophy and African philosophy). He is also the co-founder of the Middle East Society for Analytic Philosophy.

If you are interested in attending, please email VICTRgroup@gmail.com for a zoom link.

 

VICTR Presents: A Pop-Up Panel on “Truth and Polarization”

November 24, 2020

Truth and Polarization

The Virtual International Consortium of Truth Research (VICTR) will host a Pop-Up Panel on “Truth and Polarization” on December 1, 2020, 10:00am-12:00pm EST (15:00-17:00 UTC). 

Truth is under significant threat. In the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic and the 2020 US Presidential election, we face the very real danger of different ‘realities’ emerging, where there is little common ground. The polarization that threatens to emerge endangers the democratic institutions of the United States, not to mention the lives of its people. Join special guests Maria Baghramian, Cailin O’Connor, and Michael Lynch, along with VICTR steering committee members Robert Barnard, Douglas Edwards, Joseph Ulatowski and Chase Wrenn to discuss the problem of truth and polarization: what is the problem, exactly how serious is it, and what might we do to try to fix it? 

Please email VICTRgroup@gmail.com for the Zoom link. We hope you will join us for discussion on this topic!

VICTR Presents Junyeol Kim

November 9, 2020

Frege on Logic: The Truth-Value True and Logic Qua the Science of Truth

Junyeol Kim

Junyeol Kim will present a talk titled “Frege on Logic: The Truth-Value True and Logic Qua the Science of Truth” at the Virtual International Consortium of Truth Research on November 17, 2020 at 10:00 am EST.

An abstract will follow.

If you are interested in attending, please email VICTRgroup@gmail.com for details about the zoom link.

Junyeol Kim is a visiting assistant professor at the University of Connecticut. He works on Gottlob Frege, epistemology, social/political philosophy, and philosophy of music.

VICTR Presents Kensuke Ito

October 13, 2020

A Challenge to Tractatus 4.062 and Two Types of Theories of Truth

Kensuke Ito

Kensuke Ito will be giving a talk entitled “A Challenge to Tractatus 4.062 and Two Types of Theories of Truth” at the Virtual International Consortium of Truth Research on October 26, 2020 at 10:00 am EDT.

Abstract: In 4.062 of Tractatus, Wittgenstein repudiates the possibility of ‘mak[ing] ourselves understood with false propositions just as we have done up until now with true ones’, because ‘a proposition is true if we use it to say that things stand in a certain way, and they do; and if by ‘p’ we mean ~p and things stand as we mean that they do, then, construed in the new way, ‘p’ is true and not false’. This paper challenges this conclusion by distinguishing two possible cases in which people exchange truth-apt information through false propositions. The first case presents a semantic option, where false propositions become true ‘construed in the new way’ while people aim at conveying truths, whereas the second case presents a pragmatic option, where false propositions remain false while people aim at falsehoods. Wittgenstein’s conclusion applies to the semantic option, but not to the pragmatic one.

If you are interested in attending, please email VICTRgroup@gmail.com for details about the zoom link and for a copy of the paper to be read in advance.

Kensuke Ito is a graduate student at University of Connecticut, who is interested in some of the central concepts in the analytic tradition such as truth, assertion, proposition, and their origins or precursors.

VICTR Presents Lavinia Picollo

October 7, 2020

The Unity of Logical Consequence

Lavinia Picollo

Lavinia Picollo will be giving a talk entitled “The Unity of Logical Consequence” at the Virtual International Consortium of Truth Research on October 12, 2020 at 10:00 am EDT.

Abstract: The two traditional approaches to formal validity, i.e. the semantic, in terms of semantic clauses and truth preservation, and the syntactic, in terms of rules of inference and the availability of proofs, are often conceived of as rivals. I show, to the contrary, that, modulo a deflationary account of truth and satisfaction, semantic clauses and inference rules turn out to be conceptually equivalent (in a sense to be explained). As a result, the two approaches to logical consequence conceptually converge too. I conclude as well that, unlike what is normally believed, deflationism is not incompatible with truth-conditional semantics (for logical terms) and semantic approaches to logical consequence.

If you are interested in attending, please email VICTRgroup@gmail.com for details about the zoom link and for a copy of the paper to be read in advance.

Lavinia Picollo is a Lecturer in Philosophy at UCL. She received her PhD from the University of Buenos Aires in 2015. After that she spent a year as a postdoctoral fellow at the Center for Advanced Studies and two years as an Assistant Professor at the Munich Center for Mathematical Philosophy (MCMP), both at LMU Munich. Her research is in philosophical logic, formal metaphysics, and the philosophy of logic and mathematics. She has a special interest in reference and content, deflationary conceptions of truth and satisfaction, propositions, properties, and classes, second-order logic, absolute generality, neologicism, logical pluralism, logicality, logical constants, and logical consequence. She’s also interested in ontology, epistemology, philosophy of language, and metaphysics.